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Geography_of_Tibet

Tibet, a mysterious and beautiful land, is located in Qinghai-Tibet plateau, south-West frontier of China. Tibet borders with Sichuan, Yuannan, Qinghai and Xinjiang; to the south contiguous to India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Burma, and bounded by Kashmir on the west. People always have the impression of Tibet as the cold and icy place. However, it actually snows only once or twice in a year and owing to the perpetuity of bright sunshine, it is not at all cold during the daytime even in the coldest of the winter. In Tibet there stand the world greatest Mountain ranges like Himalaya Mountains, Kunlun Mountains, the Nyainqentanglha Mountains and Kangdese Mountains. These mountain ranges run by leaps and bound across the country show their beautiful snow covered peaks against the bluest of skies. Geographically, Tibet can be divided into three major parts, the east, north and south. The eastern part is forest region, occupying approximately one-fourth of the land. Virgin forests run the entire breadth and length of this part of Tibet. The northern part is vast grassland, where nomads and yak and sheep dwell here. This part occupies approximately half of Tibet. The southern and central part is agricultural region, occupying about one-fourth of Tibet's land area. All the major Tibetan cities such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse ad Tsetang are located in this area.

The total area of the Tibet Autonomous Region is 1,200,000 square kilometers. The population of Tibet is about 2 millions. The region is administratively divided into one municipality and six prefectures. The municipality is Lhasa, while the six prefectures are Shigatse, Ngari, Shannan, Chamdo, Nakchu and Nyingtri. The People's Government of the Tibet Autonomous Region exercises the highest administrative authority in Tibet.

Gongga Shan or Gongga Shan
Gongga Shan (also called Minya Konga). Photo by Ben Foster

Photo by Lui Li
 
     
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